Our Education and Training

NEW* Virtual Psychotherapy for Psychosis Course and Consultation Group

This virtual 8 hour course aims to assist psychotherapists who are working with psychotic persons by presenting a psychological model of psychosis and a psychotherapeutic approach consistent with that model. A follow up consult group via videoconference will also be available for members to present clinical material for discussion. 

  • Overview

    • Saturday September 26 - 10:30 AM -12:30 PM - Session 1 
    • Saturday October 3 - 10:30 AM -12:30 PM - Session 2
    • Saturday October 17 - 10:30AM -12:30 PM - Session 3
    • Saturday October 31 - 10:30 AM -12:30 PM- Session 4


    Online Group Consultation - Six 1-hour sessions - Date and time TBD - Limited space available: Maximum 6 learners


    PANY introduces our newest course offering, a  seminar demonstrating how to combine CBTp (cognitive behavioral therapy for psychosis) and psychodynamic treatment to aid psychotic patients in their recovery.


    The Psychotherapy for Psychosis course will outline Melanie Klein’s conception of the psychology of psychosis and describe CBTp techniques in sufficient detail for psychodynamically-oriented clinicians to employ them in their work. 


    Clincians primarily identified with CBT can expect to gain by adding a psychodynamic understanding of psychosis to their work, and psychodynamic clinicians can expect to learn effective CBT-based interventions that can move the psychotherapy process forward.


    A follow up online consultation group via videoconference will also be offered as an separate add-on for learners to present clinical material for discussion. 


    The didactic course is available for enrollment separately, or in combination with the online videoconference consult group session series.

  • Course Description

    PANY's new Psychotherapy for Psychosis course integrates cognitive-behavioral techniques with psychodynamic treatment (CBTp), illustrating how CBTp can help patients come to doubt the literal truth of delusional ideas, while a psychodynamic approach can help patients explore the figurative symbolic truth of psychotic symptoms. The course will demonstrate how the therapist employs cognitive behavioral techniques which move increasingly toward psychodynamic interpretation as the treatment proceeds. 


    • From a psychoanalytic point-of-view, cognitive behavioral therapy for psychosis (CBTp) entails an enhancement of the observing ego that uses secondary process thinking in an effort to reduce psychotic suffering. 
    • Noted psychoanalysts such a Silvano Arieti and Frieda Fromm-Reichmann used a combination of psychodynamic, and what would now be called CBTp techniques in their work.  It can be helpful with many psychotic persons to use CBTp techniques early in treatment to help patients understand that their delusional beliefs are literally false.
    • Most psychotic persons locate the cause of their suffering not in their own minds, but in the outside world, often in the form of a “persecutory object” (as described by Melanie Klein) that wishes to do them harm, such as the Devil, the FBI, a neighbor, a relative, or a tormenting voice.  As long as patients regards their problems as arising outside the boundary of the self, it is difficult to bring psychotherapeutic techniques to bear on the patient’s suffering.
    • When the CBTp work succeeds in raising doubts about whether the problem is in the outside world, as the patient had previously surmised, a psychodynamic approach that can help patients explore the figurative truth of their psychotic symptoms.





  • Eligibility


    This course aims to assist psychotherapists who are working with psychotic persons by presenting a psychological model of psychosis and a psychotherapeutic approach consistent with that model.


    • Psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, and other professionals who encounter psychotic persons in their clinical practice.
    • Clinicians who work in a public clinic or hospital setting who find that a majority of patients in their case assignments are psychotic.
    • Clinicians in private practice, even those who do not specialize in the treatment of psychotic individuals, whom occasionally encounter a patient who proved to be psychotic or near-psychotic early in treatment, or who developed a psychosis in the course of ongoing psychotherapy. 


  • Course Instructor and Group Facilitator: Michael Garrett, MD

    Michael Garrett, MD is on the faculty of Psychoanalytic Association of New York, affiliated with NYU School of Medicine in New York City. Dr. Garrett was formerly the Vice Chairman of Psychiatry at SUNY Downstate Medical Center, where he is currently Professor Emeritus of Clinical Psychiatry. He received his medical degree from the Albert Einstein College of Medicine, and completed his residency training in Psychiatry at Bronx Municipal Hospital Center. Most of Dr. Garrett’s professional career has been spent in the public psychiatry sector, first at North Central Bronx Hospital, where he became Associate Director of Psychiatry, and then Medical Director in 1995. In 1997 he became Deputy Director of Psychiatry at Bellevue Hospital, where he was responsible for clinical services. In 2003 he moved to SUNY Downstate as Vice Chairman for Clinical Services. At present his time is evenly divided between patient care, supervision of psychotherapy, teaching, and clinical research. He has for many years had an interest in the difficulties clinicians encounter when trying to develop a relationship with psychotic individuals who have a fundamentally different view of reality than the clinician. He has a particular interest in combined psychodynamic and cognitive behavioral treatments of psychosis. His academic and research interests also include the voice hearing experience and the relationship between psychosis and ordinary mental processes. His publications include:


    1. Garrett, M. and Silva, R. (2003) Auditory Hallucinations, Source Monitoring, and a Belief that ‘Voices’ Are Real. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 29(3):445-457
    2. Garrett, M, Stone, D. and Turkington,  (2006)  Normalizing Psychotic Symptoms.  Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, and Practice. Vol 79, Part 4, 595-610
    3. Garrett, M. & Turkington, D. (2011) Cognitive Behavioral Therapy in a Psychoanalytic Frame. Psychosis 3 (1) pgs 2-13
    4. Garrett, M. (2016) Psychosis, Trauma, and Ordinary Mental Life. American Journal of Psychotherapy, v70(1),  35-62
    5. Garrett, M. (2017) Individual Psychodynamic Psychotherapy and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Psychosis In Kaplan and Sadock Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry 10th Edition. Chpt 33.16: pg 2866-2886.
    6. Garrett, M. (2019) Psychotherapy for Psychosis: Integrating Cognitive Behavioral and Psychodynamic Treatments. Guilford Press/New York.


  • Syllabus and Schedule

    Duration: 8 hours total

    Time Frame: Held on four Saturdays, 2 hours each

    September 26, October 3, 17, 31 - 10:30am-12:30pm

    Location: via Zoom videoconference


    CLINICAL CASE 1: The ♀ who feared her cat planned to murder her

    • Pathogenesis of Psychosis
      • prodrome
      • delusional mood
      • ideas of reference:  apophany and anastrophe
      • breakdown of ego boundaries
      • diminished sense of self and personal agency
    • Object-Relations Theory (Melanie Klein)
      • persecutory objects
      • “voices” as internal psychological objects
      • history of psychotherapy for psychosis


    CLINICAL CASE 2: The dog with Xray eyes that could see through clothing

    • Combining CBT for psychosis with a psychodynamic perspective
    • Symbol formation and concrete metaphor in psychosis
    • Psychodynamic interpretation of psychotic symptoms
    • Overview of CBT for Psychosis (CBTp)
    • Three models
      • Stress vulnerability model of psychosis
      • “Normalizing” psychotic symptoms by relating them to ordinary mental life
      • A-B-C model (an activating event A results in belief B which has an emotional consequence C


    CLINICAL CASE 3: The who almost caused her mother to be lynched by a mob.



    • CBT for psychosis techniques
      • Working with voices
      • Agreeing to disagree
      • Peripheral questioning
      • Rating the likelihood of a belief
      • Rating the value of evidence
      • Informational handouts – increasing real world learning
      • Reality-testing experiments
      • Homework assignments
      • Simultaneous CBTp and psychodynamic formulations to guide the psychotherapy


    EXTENDED CLINICAL CASE 4: 20 year paranoid psychosis- a who believed she had a horrible smell.


    CLINICAL CASE 5: The who murdered his parents


    CLINICAL CASE 6: The who heard voices who predicted death

  • Consultation Group via videoconference

    Limited space available: Maximum 6 learners


    SESSIONS 3-8 (1 hour peer supervision videoconference - Schedule TBA)


    • Members of the group alternate presenting clinical material for discussion


    Format for Presenting Clinical Material - Psychotherapy for Psychosis Peer Consultation Group

    1. A brief (one paragraph) summary in a traditional medical/psychiatric format; e.g., “This is the 3rd psychiatric hospitalization in 2 years  for this 28 y.o. Hispanic man who had his first psychotic episode at age 24 who is non-compliant with his medication  … and so on (pertinent history)…
    2. What is the patient’s understanding of his/her situation? What is the patient’s concern?  What is the main source of the patient’s distress, from the patient’s point of view?   e.g., “ I have been the subject of a government experiment for the last 8 years.   They probe my mind and body to test my reactions.”
    3. What details can the patient provide about his/her situation? Who is involved, and why?  What are the ‘characters’ in the patient’s story?    When did it all start?  What were the first indications that something was going on?
    4. What evidence does the patient offer in support of his/her beliefs? What is the ‘evidentiary chain’? e.g.,  “The “voices” predicted Frank Sinatra’s death and it happened.  They were right.  They can predict the future.”
    5. Does the patient report a particular perceptual experience (a body feeling, a sensation, a “voice,” a life event, etc.) that is particularly important in the patient’s evidentiary chain supporting the delusional belief?   “I know from the intense look the preacher gave me that he was hypnotizing me.  I felt a burning sensation in my brain.” 
    6. A brief vignette from a session with the patient presented in the form of a transcript of part of a session (1-2 pages), that sketches out what the patient said and what the therapist said in reply, and so on, that illustrates particular clinical issues posed by the patient, or presents an example of a dilemma you face as the therapist working with the patient.
  • Enrollment

    Enrollment submissions are currently being accepted.


    Submission deadline is September 1.


    Seats are limited; early submission is encouraged.


    * Consultation group is limited to 6 participants, we encourage you to enroll early. Additional group may be added dependent upon interest. 


    • To enroll, download a registration enrollment form and follow instructions on form for submission. Please be sure to also submit your CV.


    Click here for enrollment page.

  • Fees and Payment

    • Course fee (8 hours): $250


    • Course (8 hours) PLUS Online Consultation Group Series (6 sessions): $700


    * Learners may enroll in didactic 8 hour course alone.  

    * Consult group series enrollment is only available in combination with didactic course, and enrollment is for entirety of 6 group sessions. 

  • CME/Social Work CE

    • The didactic portion of this course, Session 1 and Session 2, is eligible for 8 continuing education units. 
    • Learners must attend all 8 hours to be eligible for credit.


    ACCME Accreditation Statement for Joint Providership
    This activity has been planned and implemented in accordance with the accreditation requirements and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint providership of the American Psychoanalytic Association and Psychoanalytic Association of New York (PANY). The American Psychoanalytic Association is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The American Psychoanalytic Association designates this Live Activity for a maximum of 1 credit per classroom hour of AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

    IMPORTANT DISCLOSURE INFORMATION FOR ALL LEARNERS: None of the planners and presenters of this CME program have any relevant financial relationships to disclose.


    Psychoanalytic Association New York, affiliated with NYU Langone Health is recognized by the New York State Education Department's State Board for Social Work as an approved provider of continuing education for licensed social workers #SW-0124.



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Psychoanalytic Association of New York
NYU Department of Psychiatry
One Park Avenue, 8th Floor
New York, NY 10016

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